Defining relative clauses

The pronoun that would be used in more formal written English instead of that is given in parentheses. In the second sentence, the pronoun can be omitted because "the woman" is the object of the verb "loved". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Discourse Interrogative Modal Noun Possessive. Views Read Edit View history. Also unlike English, the reflexive can refer to antecedents outside of the embedded clause.

English Grammar Explanations - Relative clauses

However, in the first sentence, "whom I already knew" refers only to the mother; in the second, it refers to both parents; and in the third, as in the English sentence, it could refer either only to the mother, or to both parents.

Relative pronouns, like other pronouns in Latin, agree with their antecedents in gender and number , but not in case: In Hawaiian Creole English , an English-based creole also called Hawaiian Pidgin or simply Pidgin, relative clauses work in a way that is similar to, but not identical to, the way they work in English.

Brian said goodnight to his roommate Justin, who continued to play video games until his eyes were blurry with fatigue.

The sentence is equivalent to the following two sentences: Languages that place relative clauses after their head noun so-called head-initial or VO languages generally also have adjectives and genitive modifiers following the head noun, as well as verbs preceding their objects. Hence the following would be possible:. Did you find the money which you lost? Chinese and Japanese both using gapping in conjunction with an indeclinable complementizer. Notice that the sentence I wash myself could also be translated in Italian as "io lavo me stesso ", that stresses the reflexiveness way more than English.

The relative clause itself is also composed differently. It must be followed by a noun. This pronoun allows the building of three kinds of reflexive verbal forms: In such cases both relative pronoun and auxiliary can be left out: Please help us clarify the article.

Relative clause

Because the accusative and dative cases are different, the speaker must know whether the verb is reflexive accusative or reflexive dative. Classical Arabic , for example, only allows gapping in the subject and sometimes the direct object; beyond that, a resumptive pronoun must be used. Next, it will begin with a relative pronoun [ who , whom , whose , that , or which ] or a relative adverb [ when , where , or why ]. For example, in the second example above, Hindi would actually say something equivalent to "I killed my friend with which knife, the police found that knife".

Only a very small number of languages, of which the best known is Yoruba , have pronoun retention as their sole grammatical type of relative clause. Find sources: In Latin , relative clauses follow the noun phrases they modify, and are always introduced using relative pronouns.

The children who skateboard in the street are especially noisy in the early evening. The relative pronoun whose is used in place of the possessive pronoun. The enclitic form of the reflexive pronoun, se , has been grammaticalized to a high degree: